Nolini Kanta Gupta (13.1.1889—7.2.1984) was an active participant in the Swadeshi and national education movements from the tender age of sixteen. He was introduced to Barindra Kumar Ghose, noted revolutionary and Sri Aurobindo’s younger brother, towards the end of 1907 who influenced him to join the Maniktolla Secret Society at 32 Muraripukur Road in Calcutta. On 2 May 1908 Nolini Kanta was arrested in connection with the Muzaffarpur bomb outrage along with the other members of the Maniktolla Secret Society. The trial later came to be known as the ‘Alipore Bomb Trial’. After spending a year in Alipore Central Jail as an undertrial he was acquitted in May 1909 due to lack of evidence to prove his involvement in any conspiracy of waging war against the British Empire. He withdrew from active politics after his acquittal from prison and became the chief associate of Sri Aurobindo (whom he had met during the Swadeshi movement) when the latter started the publication of his two weeklies (the Karmayogin in English and the Dharma in Bengali). When Sri Aurobindo left Bengal and migrated to Pondicherry in April 1910 Nolini Kanta too followed him seven months later. When after 1926 Sri Aurobindo withdrew into complete seclusion and the Mother took charge of the newly-formed Ashram, Nolini Kanta became its Secretary. When the Sri Aurobindo Ashram Trust was formed by the Mother she appointed Nolini Kanta as one of the founder-trustees. Regarded as one of the most advanced sadhaks of the Integral Yoga he was equally prolific in Bengali, English and French and went on to author more than fifty books in Bengali, thirty in English and five in French. In the Aurobindonian community he was known as ‘Sri Aurobindo’s manasputra’.
7 February 2021 marks the 37th Death Anniversary of Nolini Kanta Gupta. As our humble homage to him, one hundred and twenty-five photographs of Nolini Kanta Gupta with the Mother taken on various occasions have been published in the website of Overman Foundation.
With warm regards,
The following ten photographs were taken on 24 April 1951 during the Convention of Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education. Seated on Nolini Kanta Gupta’s right are Navajata, Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee, M. P. Pandit and Soli Albless while Pavitra, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Udar Pinto and Amiyo Ranjan Ganguli are seen standing beside the Mother.
The following photograph was taken on 6 January 1952 at the inauguration of Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education. Also seen in this photographs along with the Mother and Nolini Kanta Gupta are: Udar Pinto, Sisir Kumar Mitra, Lilou, K. Amrita, Suprabha Nahar, Sumitra Nahar, Sujata Nahar, Tara Jauhar, Parul Chakraborty, Krishnakumari, Shane, Norman Dowsett, Dakshinapada Bhattacharya , Shanti Doshi, Usha M, Ajji, Dhanwanti Nagda, Dyuman, Bibhash, Sunil Bhattacharya, Narendra, Arun, Mrityunjoy Mukherjee, Soli Albless, Bubu Ganguli and Jhumur Bhattacharya.
The following photograph was taken at the Sports Ground on 9 January 1952. Also seen in this photograph are: Narendra, Vidyavrata, Tejendranath Mukherjee, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Udar Pinto and Kalyan Chaudhuri.
The following photograph was taken on 24 April 1952 in the premises of the Ashram School:
The following two photographs were taken in 1952:
Circa. December 1952: Nolini Kanta Gupta, Medhananda, Sujata Nahar, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya and K. Amrita.
At the Ashram Sportsground: Kalaben, Kalyan Chaudhuri, Ramraj Sehgal, Nolini Kanta Gupta, Vasudha Shah, Barin Ganguli and Narendra.
The following photographs were taken on 6 January 1953 at the School Courtyard:
Also seen with the Mother and Nolini Kanta Gupta are: Priti, Ramakrishna, Lakshman, Anup, Dahyabhai, Manoj Das Gupta, Parul Chakraborty and Light Ganguli.
Also seen in this photograph: Arati Das Gupta, Parul Chakraborty, Anup, Light Ganguli, Manoj Das Gupta, Vinod, Liselle, Chandradip and Gauri Bhattacharya.
Chandu, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Udar Pinto and Sisir Kumar Mitra.
The following two photographs were taken on 24 April 1953. Also seen with Nolini Kanta Gupta: Dyuman and Champaklal.
Circa 1953 at Atelier: Gangaram Malwade, Vishwanath Lahiri, Noren Singh Nahar, Dyuman, Udar Pinto, Pavitra, Nolini Kanta Gupta, Kaushalya, Maniben and Kapila.
From left to right: Sisir Kumar Mitra, André Morisset, Pavitra, Sujata Nahar, Amiyo Ranjan Ganguli, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya and Nolini Kanta Gupta on 3 December 1954.
Nolini Kanta Gupta with the Mother and Champaklal on 5 October 1954.
The Mother with Nolini Kanta Gupta on 11 October 1954
The following photographs were taken on 12 October 1954:
Udar Pinto, Nolini Kanta Gupta and Dyuman.
Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Nolini Kanta Gupta and Udar Pinto.
Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Charu Chandra Mukherjee alias Bula, Nolini Kanta Gupta and Udar Pinto.
K. Amrita, Nolini Kanta Gupta, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Pavitra and Udar Pinto.
Dyuman, Udar Pinto, Pavitra, Nolini Kanta Gupta and Vishwanath Lahiri.
Lakshman, Udar Pinto, Vishnulalit and Nolini Kanta Gupta.
Bula, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Vishwanath Lahiri and Nolini Kanta Gupta.
Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Dyuman, Vishwanath Lahiri and Nolini Kanta Gupta.
Pavitra, Dyuman, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Udar Pinto, Vishwanath Lahiri and Nolini Kanta Gupta.
Sudhir, Louis Allen, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Pavitra, Nolini Kanta Gupta and Udar Pinto.
Udar Pinto, Nolini Kanta Gupta, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Vishwanath Lahiri and Dyuman.
The following photograph was taken on 25 October 1954. Also seen with Nolini Kanta Gupta are Chimanbhai Patel, Dyuman and Champaklal.
The Mother with Nolini Kanta Gupta, Tanmaya, Pavitra and Krishnakumari on 21 February 1955.
The following two photographs were taken on 15 August 1955 at the Exhibition Hall. Also seen with the Mother and Nolini Kanta Gupta are Amiyo Ranjan Ganguli, Udar Pinto and Victor Jauhar.
The following photographs were taken on 4 October 1955 at the Ashram Playground during the visit of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi, Kamraj and Lal Bahadur Shastri. Also seen in these photographs are K. Amrita, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Amiyo Ranjan Ganguli, Tejendranath Mukherjee, Violette and Mrs. Kewal Singh.
The following photographs were taken on 20 February 1956 at the Exhibition Hall:
Nolini Kanta Gupta, Pavitra, Udar Pinto, Amiyo Ranjan Ganguli, Krishnalal Bhatt and Vasudha Shah.
Nolini Kanta Gupta, Sehra, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya and Pavitra.
Nolini Kanta Gupta, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Ichchaben, Surabhi and Kalaben.
Nolini Kanta Gupta, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, K. Amrita, M. P. Pandit, Surabhi and Ichchaben.
The following photographs were taken at the Ashram Playground on 2 April 1956 during the visit of the Russian Gymnasts. Also seen with the Mother and Nolini Kanta Gupta are: Pavitra, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Udar Pinto and Vidyavrata.
The following photograph was taken in December 1956. Also seen with Nolini Kanta Gupta are Togo Mukherjee, Anuben Purani and Gauri Pinto.
The following photograph was taken on 20 February 1958 at the Ashram Theatre. Also seen in this photograph with the Mother are: Nolini Kanta Gupta, Pradyot Bhattacharya, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Udar Pinto and Vishwanath Lahiri.
The following two photographs were taken in 1958 during the Mother’s visit to Senteurs:
Nolini Kanta Gupta, Tanmaya, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Udar Pinto and Panou Sarkar.
The following photographs were taken on 12 April 1959 at the New Horizon Sugar Mills. Also seen with the Mother and Nolini Kanta Gupta: Millie, Pavitra, Laljibhai, Mukta, Kesharimal, Keshavmurti, Udar Pinto, K. Amrita, Pathak, Dayabhai, Chandrakant Patel and Lilou.
The Mother with Nolini Kanta Gupta, Manoranjan Ganguli, Diana, Bindu, K. Amrita, Dayakar Reddy and Dr. Prabhat Sanyal at La Faucheur on 5 December 1959.
The following photographs were taken on 9 December 1959 at the Handmade Paper Factory of the Sri Aurobindo Ashram:
The Mother with Nolini Kanta Gupta, Pavitra, K. Amrita, Madan and Togo Mukherjee.
Udar Pinto, Nolini Kanta Gupta, Vishwanath Lahiri, Panou Sarkar and Madan.
Nolini Kanta Gupta, K. Amrita, Pavitra, Udar Pinto and Akki.
The Mother with Udar Pinto and Nolini Kanta Gupta.
Nolini Kanta Gupta, Udar Pinto, Akki and Kiran.
The Mother with Nolini Kanta Gupta, K. Amrita, Prabhakar, Udar Pinto, Pavitra, Panou Sarkar and Lakshmipati.
Nolini Kanta Gupta, Dayakar Reddy, K. Amrita, Deshpande, Prabhakar and Udar Pinto.
The following photograph was taken on 4 January 1960. The Mother is seen in Her room with Nolini Kanta Gupta and K. Amrita.
The following two photographs were taken on 25 December 1960:
Also seen with the Mother and Nolini Kanta Gupta: Bulbul and Rajarshi.
The Mother with Nolini Kanta Gupta, Udar and Mona Pinto.
The following photographs were taken on 23 August 1961 at the Sri Aurobindo Ashram Press:
The Mother with Amiyo Ranjan Ganguli, K. Amrita and Nolini Kanta Gupta.
Amiyo Ranjan Ganguli, Nolini Kanta Gupta, André Morisset, Dayakar Reddy and Udar Pinto.
Amiyo Ranjan Ganguli, Nolini Kanta Gupta, André Morisset, M. P. Pandit, K. Amrita and Prapatti.
Nolini Kanta Gupta, André Morisset, and K. Amrita.
Jayantilal Parekh, Nolini Kanta Gupta, M. P. Pandit and Amiyo Ranjan Ganguli.
Jayantilal Parekh, Nolini Kanta Gupta, Robi Ganguli, Amiyo Ranjan Ganguli and Kanak Ganguli.
Nolini Kanta Gupta, Robi Ganguli, K. Amrita and Udar Pinto.
Nolini Kanta Gupta, Amiyo Ranjan Ganguli and Wilfy Pinto.
Nolini Kanta Gupta, K. Amrita, Pavitra, Chinu, Dayakar Reddy, Parikshit and Vishwanath Lahiri.
Nolini Kanta Gupta, Pavitra, Amiyo Ranjan Ganguli, M. P. Pandit, Udar Pinto, Lallubhai, André Morisset, Hriday Bhattacharya, Noren Singh Nahar, Chitra Sen, Kusum, Vishwanath Lahiri and Shivrani.
The Mother with Nolini Kanta Gupta on 18 October 1961.
The following photographs were taken on 16 December 1961 at Jhunjhun Boarding:
The Mother with Nolini Kanta Gupta, Abhay Singh Nahar, Pavitra, Dr. Kirit Joshi, Dayawati Jauhar and Pema.
K. Amrita, Pavitra, Nolini Kanta Gupta, Navajata, Pradyot Bhattacharya, Abhay Singh Nahar and Udar Pinto.
The Mother with Pavitra, Pradyot Bhattacharya and Nolini Kanta Gupta.
Nolini Kanta Gupta, Pradyot Bhattacharya and Pavitra with the Mother.
The following two photographs were taken on 14 December 1965 during the visit of the King, Queen and Prince of Nepal:
The following photographs were taken on 21 February 1966. Also seen with the Mother and Nolini Kanta Gupta are Champaklal and K. Amrita.
The following photograph was taken on 21 February 1968:
The following photographs were taken on 14 September 1969 during the visit of V. V. Giri, the President of India:
The following photograph was taken on 6 October 1969:
Undated photographs taken on various occasions:
The Mother with Nolini Kanta Gupta, Sujata Nahar, Olga and Medhananda.
At the Ashram Sportsground.
The Mother with Nolini Kanta Gupta, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Debou Bhattacharya, Usha, Nirodbaran Talukdar and Gangaram Malwade at the Children’s Courtyard.
The Mother with Nolini Kanta Gupta, Prithwindra Mukherjee, Gangaram Malwade, Tejendranath Mukherjee, Mona Sarkar and Narendra at the Ashram Playground.
The Mother with Nolini Kanta Gupta, Priti Das Gupta, André Morisset, Violette, K. Amrita and Charupada Bhattacharya at the Ashram Playground.
The Mother and Nolini Kanta Gupta with U. N. Dhebar, Kamraj and Surendra Mohan Ghose at the Ashram Playground.
In the following three photographs taken at the Ashram Sportsground, we find the Mother with Nolini Kanta Gupta, Udar Pinto, Tejendranath Mukherjee, Pranab Kumar Bhattacharya, Chandrakant Patel, Arun and Vidyavrata.
17 Replies to “One Hundred and Twenty-Five Photographs of the Mother with Nolini Kanta Gupta”
A great share.
Nolini Kanta Gupta’s Bengali memoir “Smritir Pothey” is an unputdownable book. Incidentally, 7th February is also the birthday of his son Samir Kanta Gupta.
Thanks for the rare photographs! May I suggest that you number the photographs for easy reference.
Another terrific feast! Congratulations. Once Nirod-da asked him, towards his end: “Where is your consciousness?” His response was “towards supermind.” I think he was one of the half a dozen the Mother had counted when the Supermind descended on 29 Feb 1956.
Thanks Anurag. It is a wonderful effort to ring out so many remarkable picture on Nolini da with The Mother and so many Ashramite , who were also so close to The Mother.
(1) In one of the pictures by the side of Light Ganguly, there was Eleanor Montgomery, an important disciple of the Mother
(2) By the side of Akki, on the Mother(s left was Kiran Choudhury, pioneer in the HMP experiment
(3) On one photo, Amrita-dâ is seen between Paou and Dayâkar
(4) At the Children’s Courtyard, the person on the left of the Mother is Tejendra
Innumerable thanks for the brief biographical description of Sri Nolini kant Gupta, and link to 125 photographs….
Thank you so much for sharing.
Thank you my Beloved and Respected Brother, tumi anek kaj korcho , ja amader kache maha mulyaban . Ami tomar Overman foundation er niyomito pathika. Overman foundation je video you tube e pathai ami kintu suni.
Anek subhecha o valobasa dilam. Aro kaj kore jao valo theko.
Remembering Him,a true follower and sadhak. Pranam.
Dear Anurag Banerjee ji
Thanks a lot for sharing such beautiful photographs and very enlightening article on Nolini Kanta Gupta – the humble devotee and a true Yogi.
Your write-up inspired me to read Nolini Kanta Gupta’s book ‘Reminiscences’ which gave me a deep insight into his wonderful life and his philosophy.
I have penned a short poem on ‘Nolini Kanta Gupta’ which I am sharing with you.
NOLINI KANTA GUPTA
His life is a remarkable reminisce of a legend
From a student to a revolutionary to a poet to a yogi
The one who shouted loud protests against the Bengal Partition
And sung the songs ‘Deep From the Heart of Bengal Today’
And ‘The Soil, The Rivers of Bengal’ and ‘My Golden Hindustan’
He was the one who dared to dream
Of a nation free from the clutches, manacles, the shackles
Bid adieu to a promising career
Earnestly worked in Maniktolla Gardens
Taking a secret vow in front of the Kali
To dedicate his life to the service of the Motherland
It was in Kolkata that he first met
Sri Aurobindo, a towering personality with the aura Divine
Days he spent with his comrades in Lal Bazar Police Station
With no food, no bath, not even a wink of sleep
But herded together, locked up in a cell
Sent to Alipore Jail, the next step in the voyage
Where he had his first meal in three days – hot cooked rice
Which felt sweet and nice, as if showered from the Heaven
Each day he recited the Upanishadic mantras
An hour before the sunrise, in meditative calm
‘Sadhna and the bomb’, advised Lele Maharaj, ‘do not go well together’
However, he did not confine himself to the studies
Rather wished to plunge deeper into the freedom struggle
A Divine experience when he earned his first penny
Working as an Editor of ‘Dharma’ and ‘Karmayogin’
A stipend of ten rupees, that was dearer to him
Than the wealth of the whole wide world put together
‘As a matter of Principle,’ said Sri Aurobindo to him, ‘it’s not fair to exact work
Without giving its due reward’
At Shyampukur he mastered many languages with much ease comfort
Sri Aurobindo left for Chandernagore, leaving him incharge
Soonafter he, too, left for an obscure little village
Somewhere in the distant Barisal
The adventure didn’t pause there itself
For he went ahead, this time for good
To the City of the Dawn, the Divine Pondicherry
An unshakable foundation of Sadhna, Siddhi
He foiled many a times the attempts of the Britishers
Who, by force and fraud and temptation, tried
To deviate Sri Aurobindo from his Yogic Sadhna
He stood beside the Divine with devotion abound
Instrumental he was in laying the foundation
Of the Ashram that today stands strong
‘As a banyan tree,’ he said, ‘with head erect
And branches spread all over; its body solid, immovable
With the roots deep and strong and firm’
A pillar of strength, of dedication, of will
His contributions galore in the Ashram activities
His wise words forever shall resonate:
‘Dwell not on the dark tales of lawless wilds and demons and beasts
Add not to their strength by talking about them’
His courageous, magnanimous, exceptional persona
He learnt the Vedas directly from the divine
As Sri Aurobindo recited the hymns, explained, delved deeper into the meanings
Inspired, motivated he learnt Greek, French, Latin, Italian, Sanskrit
Steady, orderly life with restraint, peace, harmony
Surrender, faith in the Divine Path he aspired
Offered himself with the candid simplicity of a child
An intellectual, a philosopher yet humble to the core
Possessed the attributes of pure ‘Divine Humility’
He revered, respected, loved Sri Aurobindo and The Mother
As a friend, a companion, a comrade, a guru
His last trip to Bengal, he remembered with love
When he lay prostrate at the lotus feet of The Mother
‘Come back soon’ she lovingly said to him
He then returned forever to The City of the Dawn
To the Heavenly Bliss, to the Divine Abode!
Editor, Creative Artist, International Author & Poetess,
Book Reviewer, Translator
The poem is simple.
Respected Ipshita ji
Thanks a lot for your beautiful words of appreciation.
Surrender is the decision taken to hand over the responsibility of your life to the Divine. Without this decision nothing is at all possible; if you do not surrender, the Yoga is entirely out of the question. Everything else comes naturally after it, for the whole process starts with surrender. You can surrender either through knowledge or through devotion. You may have a strong intuition that the Divine alone is the truth and a luminous conviction that without the Divine you cannot manage. Or you may have a spontaneous feeling that this line is the only way of being happy, a strong psychic desire to belong exclusively to the Divine: “I do not belong to myself,” you say, and give up the responsibility of your being to the Truth. Then comes self-offering: “Here I am, a creature of various qualities, good and bad, dark and enlightened. I offer myself as I am to you, take me up with all my ups and downs, conflicting impulses and tendencies do whatever you like with me.”
The Mother. Collected Works of the Mother.- Volume 3. – Questions and Answers (1929)
We are united towards the same goal and for the same accomplishment – for a work unique and new, that the divine Grace has given us to accomplish. I hope that more and more you will understand the exceptional importance of this work and that you will sense in yourselves the sublime joy that the accomplishment will give you.
The divine force is with you – feel its presence more and more and be careful never to betray it.
Feel, wish, act, that you may be new beings for the realisation of a new world and for this my blessings shall always be with you.
The Mother. Collected Works of the Mother.- Volume 12. – On Education
When we enter upon the path of yoga, why do our dear ones leave us? One loses all worldly possessions, all one’s attachments; sometimes, even, one loses one’s position, and to gain what? – the most important thing, the only thing which is valuable: the divine Consciousness. And to gain this one must know how to lose all the goods of this world, to let go of all one’s possessions, all desires, all attachments, all satisfactions; one must know how to lose all this if one wants to get the divine Consciousness.
The Mother. Collected Works of the Mother.- Volume 4. – Questions And Answers (1950-51
To live only for the Divine
Fate and Free-Will, Karma and Heredity, etc
For we enter into union with the Will Divine, cosmic or transcendent, which can annul what it had sanctioned for certain conditions, new-create what it had created, the narrow fixed lines disappear, there is a more plastic freedom and wideness. Neither Karma nor Astrology therefore points to a rigid and for ever immutable fate.
…Men do not abandon a cause because they have seen it fail or foresee its failure; and they are spiritually right in their stubborn perseverance. Moreover, we do not live for outward result alone; far more the object of life is the growth of the soul,– not outward success of the hour or even of the near future. The soul can grow against or even by a material destiny that is adverse.
Finally, even if all is determined, why say that life is, in Shakespeare’s phrase or rather Macbeth’s, “a tale told by an idiot full of sound and fury, signifying nothing”? Life would rather be that if it were all chance and random incertitude. But if it is something foreseen, planned in every detail, does it not rather mean that life does signify something, that there must be a secret Purpose that is being worked up to, powerfully, persistently, through the ages, and ourselves are a part of it and fellow-workers in the fulfilment of that invincible Purpose?
September 12, 1935
To Nirodbaran TalukdarSee the letter I have not said that everything is rigidly predetermined. Play of forces does not mean that. What I said was that behind visible events in the world there is always a mass of invisible forces at work unknown to the outward minds of men, and by yoga, (by going inward and establishing a conscious connection with the Cosmic Self and Force and forces,) one can become conscious of these forces, intervene consciously in the play, and to some extent at least determine things in the result of the play. All that has nothing to do with predetermination. On the contrary, one watches how things develop and gives a push here and a push there when possible or when needed. There is nothing in all that to contradict the dictum of the great scientist Sir C. V. Raman. Raman said once that all these scientific discoveries are only games of chance. Only, when he says that scientific discoveries are games of chance, he is merely saying that human beings don’t know how it works out. It is not rigid predetermination, but it is not a blind inconscient Chance either. It is a play in which there is a working out of the possibilities in Time.
June 16, 1933 Destiny in the rigid sense applies only to the outer being so long as it lives in the Ignorance. What we call destiny is only in fact the result of the present condition of the being and the nature and energies it has accumulated in the past acting on each other and determining the present attempts and their future results. But as soon as one enters the path of spiritual life, this old predetermined destiny begins to recede. There comes in a new factor, the Divine Grace, the help of a higher Divine Force other than the force of Karma, which can lift the sadhak beyond the present possibilities of his nature. One’s spiritual destiny is then the divine election which ensures the future. The only doubt is about the vicissitudes of the path and the time to be taken by the passage. It is here that the hostile forces playing on the weaknesses of the past nature strive to prevent the rapidity of the progress and to postpone the fulfilment. Those who fall, fall not because of the attacks of the vital forces, but because they put themselves on the side of the hostile Force and prefer a vital ambition or desire (ambition, vanity, lust, etc.) to the spiritual siddhi.
~All energies put into activity – thought, speech, feeling, act – go to constitute Karma. These things help to develop the nature in one direction or another, and the nature and its actions and reactions produce their consequences inward and outward: they also act on others and create movements in the general sum of forces which can return upon oneself sooner or later. Thoughts unexpressed can also go out as forces and produce their effects. It is a mistake to think that a thought or will can have effect only when it is expressed in speech or act: the unspoken thought, the unexpressed will are also active energies and can produce their own vibrations, effects or reactions.
December 24, 1935
To Nirodbaran TalukdarSee the letter Exact? How can one measure exactly where vital, mental and spiritual factors come in? In dealing with a star and atom you may (though it appears you can’t with an electron) but not with a man and his living mind, soul and body.
Never forget the purpose and goal of your life. The will for the great discovery should be always there above you, above what you do and what you are, like a huge bird of light dominating all the movements of your being.
The Mother. Collected Works of the Mother.- Volume 12. – On Education
The will is a part of the consciousness and ought to be in human beings the chief agent in controlling the activities of the nature.
Sri Aurobindo. Sri Aurobindo Birth Centenary Library in 30 Volumes. – Volume 24. – Letters on Yoga.-P.4
The vital proper is the life-force acting in its own nature, impulses, emotions, feelings, desires, ambitions, etc. , having as their highest centre what we may call the outer heart of emotion, while there is an inner heart where are the higher or psychic feelings and sensibilities, the emotions or intuitive yearnings and impulses of the soul. The vital part of us is, of course, necessary to our completeness, but it is a true instrument only when its feelings and tendencies have been purified by the psychic touch and taken up and governed by the spiritual light and power.
Sri Aurobindo. Sri Aurobindo Birth Centenary Library in 30 Volumes. – Volume 22. – Letters on Yoga.-P.1
When there is this death of desire and this calm equal wideness in the consciousness everywhere, that the true vital being within us comes out from the veil and reveals its own calm, intense and potent presence. For such is the true nature of the vital being, prānamaya purusa; it is a projection of the Divine Purusha into life, – tranquil, strong, luminous, many-energied, obedient to the Divine Will, egoless, yet or rather therefore capable of all action, achievement, highest or largest enterprise. The true Life-Force too reveals itself as no longer this troubled harassed divided striving surface energy, but a great and radiant Divine Power, full of peace and strength and bliss, a wide-wayed Angel of Life with its wings of Might enfolding the universe.
Sri Aurobindo. Sri Aurobindo Birth Centenary Library in 30 Volumes. – Volumes 20-21. – The Synthesis of Yoga